How-To, Pad PrintersMay 5, 2020
A Shirt Label is Worth 1000 Words
How-To, Pad Printers
What is on a shirt label? A lot more than you might think. Shirt labels contain much more than size information that is regulated by the garment industry and government. Here’s what it all means:
What is a Shirt Label?
Before we dive into what is included on a shirt label, it is important to know what they are. Shirt labels are on every piece of garment you purchase from clothing to pillowcases. Labels contain the brand name, shirt size, country of origin, fiber content, and care information. These labels are typically applied to the garment by tagless pad printing, heat transfer, and sewn-in labels.
Learn more about what a Neck Label is
Shirt Label Requirements
According to the Federal Trade Commission and U.S. Customs and Border Protection, most textile and wool products must have a label listing the fiber content, country of origin, the identity of the manufacturer or another business responsible for marketing or handling the item ans care instructions. The three major laws that these organizations enforce are The Textile Fiber Products Identification Act, The Wool Products Labeling Act and The Fur Products Labeling Act. Simply put, this information must be applied to your garment.
What type of garments must follow these requirements:
Clothing, except for hats and shoes • Handkerchiefs • Scarves • Bedding, including sheets, covers, blankets, comforters, pillows, pillowcases, quilts, bedspreads and pads (but not outer coverings for mattresses or box springs) • Curtains, and casements • Draperies • Tablecloths, napkins, and doilies • Floor coverings: rugs, carpets, and mats • Towels, washcloths and dishcloths • Ironing board covers and pads • Umbrellas and parasols • Bats or batting • Flags with heading or that are bigger than 216 square inches • Cushions • All fibers, yarns, and fabrics, but not packaging ribbons • Furniture slipcovers and other furniture covers • Afghans and throws • Sleeping bags • Antimacassars (doilies) • Hammocks • Dresser and other furniture scarves
Read more about the Textile and Wool Act
Shirt Label Care Instructions
Garments often have icons on the bottom that tell you how to care for your item. Often, these contain washing instructions at a particular temperature. Should you wash it in a machine or by hand? If you can wash it by machine, what temperature should the water be? Can you use bleach on the garment? If yes, what kind of chlorine or non-chlorine bleach? Should you dry the garment in a machine or hang-dry? What temperature should you dry it at? Can you iron the garment and at what temperature? Lastly, does the garment require professional cleaning?
To see all icons and descriptions, check out What is a Neck Label
Identifying Fiber Types
While this task may seem a bit daunting, the FTC has made an easy-to-use document outlining generic names for manufactured fabrics. This can be found under ISO 2076: 2013.
How do I label my apparel products?
There are many different ways to apply shirt labels but the most important thing to do before you decide to private label is to do your research. All information outlined above is according to U.S. standards. This provides a good basis however, each country has their own regulations around what needs to be included in a label. For example, the country of origin is mandatory in the U.S. but it is optional in Austria. This is important for those customers who are selling product to a variety of countries. That being said, your labeling method should be flexible enough to change with the needs of your different products as well as your changing customers.
In general, there are 4 methods of labeling products and 3 of them are considered “tagless”
- Sewn-in labels: These labels are the itchy ones that people tend to tear out. Their benefit is that they can house a ton of information and that’s about it.
- Heat transfer labels: These are heat pressed into the shirt. They are typically outsourced and can be costly. These tend to crack and stretch with continued washing.
- Screen printed labels: These show very bold colors well however, they need to be sent through a dryer to completely cure. Since a good amount of ink is being placed down, it doesn’t dry instantly
- Pad printed labels: This is the most cost effective and efficient process on the market. Just enough ink is printed on the label to have it dry instantly. You can easily switch over artwork and it’s fast.
Learn more about what is tagless label printingBack to Blog Home